PREVALENCE OF CYSTICERCOSIS AMONG PIG REARERS AND THEIR CHILDREN IN RIYOM LOCAL GOVERNMRENT OF PLATEAU NORTH, NIGERIA

T Barde, H I Inabo, U Edia-Asuke

Abstract


 Cysticercosis is a major public health problem in developing and some developed countries, but it is not given the

attention it deserves. The study was undertaken to determine the seroprevalence of cysticercosis among pig rearers

and their children in Riyom, a pig raising community in Nigeria. This study was conducted in pig raising regions

of Riyom and Barkin Ladi Local Government areas of Plateau State, Nigeria. A total of 400 blood samples were

collected from pig rearers and their children. Sera from blood samples were analyzed for circulating antigen using

Ag-ELISA. Structured questionnaire was administered to obtain relevant information on socio-demographic and

risk factors that might be associated with contracting cysticercosis in the study area. Data obtained from

questionnaire was analysed using SPSS 21 and Odds ratio was calculated using Epi Info 7. The total number

positive for cysticercosis was 83, withcysticercosis prevalence for circulating antigenof 20.8%. Risk factors which

contributed to the high prevalence of cysticercosis in the study areas include; location, sex(OR=1.97, p=0.007),

age(OR=2.77, p=0.001), system of pig farming(OR=2.49, p=0.002), and drinking water sources(OR=3.53,

p=0.001). Other factors such as education, washing of pig pen, presence of latrines, pork consumption,

deworming, and knowledge of cysticercosis showed no association with the prevalence of cysticercosis as p>0.05

and Odds ratio less than 1. The result revealed that cysticercosis was present among Pig rearers and their children

in Riyom and Local Government Area of Plateau North, Nigeria. Intervention strategies need to be implemented

to interrupt transmission of the organism and farmers should be educated on the life cycle and socio-cultural and

sanitary practices that favour the transmission of Taenia solium.

Keywords:  Cysticersosis, Taenia solium , Pigs, Riyom


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