SONOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENT OF KIDNEY DIMENSIONS TO DETERMINE THE KIDNEY VOLUME OF CROSS SECTION OF ADULT NIGERIANS IN JOS

R P Dayim, U A Sirisena, S D Songden

Abstract


 Ultrasound imaging can be described as a non-invasive, inexpensive, fast, safe and free from ionizing radiation

compared to other diagnostic medical imaging modalities to evaluate the urinary system. This study set to establish

the normal kidney volume of a cross section of adult Nigerians in Jos using sonographic measurements. Eighty

participants of age from 18-67 years who were free from any kidney disease included in this study. Kidney volume

was calculated from the measurements of kidney length (L), width (W) and Antero-posterior diameter (AP) using

the formula π/6 x L x W x AP. The mean left and right kidney volumes were found to be 132.71±21.24 cm3  and

117.40±20.27 cm3  respectively. There is a significantly higher correlation between the left and right kidney

volumes with r = 0.891 and p< 0.01.

Key words: Kidney volume, Ultrasound


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